Friday, April 12, 2019
The Role of Project Manager Essay Example for Free
The Role of Project Manager EssayNowadays, with the development of witness management, learn success has been defined clearly. A definition of flip success from Lock is that if the hurl finish on time, within budget and in thoroughly quality, the vomit up is considered as a boffo compute (Lock, 2007). However, our reason about the region of fancy manager is unclear. Different people hold various view full stops about it. fit to Lewis, people birth a vague understanding of what is the role of contrive manager, because a majority of project managers argon promoted from another(prenominal) jobs such as engineers or technologists and so on (Lewis, 2007). Some individuals consider that the role of the project manager is to command and sub payable. Is it enough for a project manager who is as a wiz point of responsibility (Burke, 2007) to manager a project? Definitely, the answer is no. How much imprimatur do project managers exactly have? Firstly, let us about the j ob of project managers and their authority. Being a project manager is a difficult task, because the responsibility of them is heavy, but they are just given teeny-weeny authority.Kerzner said that in typical organizations, it is a common phenomenon that project managers request permissions to control come with resources from pass on management. Additionally, the blood amidst project manager and grade manager is more like a copartner relationship rather than a rank relationship. In some way, project manager services for the aura manager, because line manager hold the uses rights of company resources. Project manager, therefore, have no capital to control and command line manager.In most cases, when some issues occur or some decisions are waiting for determining, project managers transact with line manager rather than control and command. (Kerzner, 2001, p. 9) From the position of project manager in organizations and the relationship between project manager and line manager, we push aside see that even thought as whizz point of responsibility, project manager has limited authority, which means that the role of project manager is to command and control is inadequate. Actually, Project managers do need to command and control.As I stated above, project manager is answerable for the project, which means that a project manager needs to control the project process for obtaining a successful completion of the project as well as to command the stakeholders to follow the right path to check the project objective. But it is authorized to emphasize that command and controlis a purpose, non a process. hardly like Bull said that there is essential difference between a dictator and a leader, a dictator gives command to people for doing something, but a leader inspires people to let them necessity to do things.The role of project manager should be a leader, non a dictator (Bull, 2010). Lewis alike thought that the biggest part of project managers job is deal ing with people. Even though project manager has kinda little authority, it is not zero (Lewis 2010). Therefore, for project managers, the biggest challenge should be how to your limited authority effectively. To optimize the use of the authority, project managers need to build their leadership.Instead of using your authority to build your leadership, project managers should use their people skill which involves personality, management skill and intercourse skill. (Lewis, 2007, p. 27) So, command and controlis a purpose, not a process. Which means that project manager should be a leader, not a dictator. More important thing than command and control As Lewis said that project managers biggest part of job is to deal with people, so a role of project manager should be parley coordinator (Lewis, 2007).According to Jha, 90 percent of project managers working hours are occupied by communication time, so it is obvious that it is pivotal for project managers to have a sound communicati on skill (Jha, 2010). More importantly, a project managers communication skill strongly impact on the outcome of the project. Verma emphasized that during a project life cycle, communication problems should be paid close attention, because such communication problems may create conflicts, disagreement, and misunderstandings. Many projects failure is due to those communication problems.Therefore, it is a total disaster for a project which has a project manager with a poor communication skill. Effective communication can create good relationship, trust and motivation which can help project managers to obtain supports from different individuals in the project. From this standpoint, because of the importance of communication in the project environment, a project manager role should be identified as a communication coordinator which requires a good communication skill (Verma, 1996). Other role of project manager The job of project manager is not an easy one.It is not just simply to comma nd and control. Just as Kerzner said in his book, proviso is a primary part of project managers job, a good project plan enables the whole project to operate perfectly. In order to do this, a project manager should have a good management skill which involves risk management, cost management, time management and quality management. However, perfect project plans are rare, because there are many uncertainties during a project life cycle (Kerzner 2001). In this point, the role of project manager should be a plan agency.Although project managers have no right to control the company resources, they must plan them in order to accomplish the ultimate success of the project. Conclusion As single point of responsibility (Burke, 2007), project managers shoulder heavy burdens. Project managers need to control the process of project and command the involved people such as functional employees for meeting the projects objective. However, the authority of project managers is quite limited, so in most cases, project managers need to ask for permissions from top management to control the resources, and name with line mangers to make a decision.Because of a lack of authority, having a good communication skill is crucial for project managers. One the one hand, it can create good relationship between project managers and other stakeholders. On the other hand, it is a key for project managers to become a leader. Moreover, project managers job is not easy. Planning is a hard and important part of the job. As a result, some people think that the role of manager is to control and command is inappropriate.